83001, г. Донецк,
проспект Гурова, д. 7
Курсы английского языка в Донецке -LIESURE TIME-MASS MEDIA-PROBLEMS OF UNEMPLOYMENT OF YOUNG PEOPLE
Everybody sometimes has a free time. Somebody prefer only to sleep in
their liesure time, but the largest part of us prefer to do a great
amount of things which are pleasant and interesting for us. It may be
reading, a various types of sport game, watching TV, listening music and
others. If we have a few day or a week we prefer to go to the attractive
places. Many peoples thing that pupils and studients have too much
liesure ,but in my opinion, they are wrong. We are very busy. Many
pupils have six or se-ven lessons a day and go to school live or six day
a week. Even during the holiday we learn our lessons after school. And
we just no time to go some-there. Oldest of us are working after school
or institutes. IÒam not spend my time at school and ofter I have a free
time. The large part of my free time devote to reading. I like to read
books about another coun-tries, another times and another worlds. Also I
read books about history of our country. Besides reading I like to do
physical exercises. I and my school friends often gather after school
and play basketball, fooftball or other active games. But my favorite
hobby is travelling. Usually I travel in summer and ofter it is a trip
to the south, to the warm sea. thing all peoples must have other
occupation besides their basic work, ba-csuse it extand the bounduries
of the familar world and teach us something new about people and thing.
Mass media ( that is the press, the radio and television ) play an
important role in the life of society. They inform, educate and
entertain people. They also influence the way people look at the world
and make them change their views. Mass media mould public opinion.
Millions of people in their spare time watch TV and read newspapers.
Everybody can find there something interesting for him. On the radioone
can hear music, plays, news and various discussions or commentaries of
current events. Lot's radio or TV games and films attract a large
audience. Newspapers uses in different ways, but basically they are
read. There is a lot of advertisment on mass media. Some of the TV and
radio stations and newspapers are owned by different corporations. The
owners can advertise whatever they choose. But it is hardly fair to say
that mass media do not try to raise cultural level of the people or to
develop their artistic taste. Mass media brings to millions of homes not
only entertaiment and news but also cultural and educational programs.
There are more then six TV channels and lot's of radio stations and
newspapers now in the Russian Federation.
People of almost every age are susceptible to this pernitious disease
but it hits the youth the hardest. It's name is unemployment. The
persent-age of unemployed youth in the total number of the jobless is
high. In many developing countries the situation is more serious. Many
young people to commit suside. Unless the economic situation in the
world changes, youth unemployment will mount. This prodictions refer to
all catigories of workers-with high and low skills in town and country.
For all there possible distinctious,these young people over outside the
production structure of society. The are deprived the possebility of
creting there are "surplus" from time to time some may get a hit of
luck, but the lot of the majority is to feel their unlessles to lose
their ideals and become disillusioned. Unemployment greatly
intemcilicselle tendency among the youth towards, drug education ,
frastretion and crime. This is a time bomb and is a heavy acusation of
any social economic system.
British education emas us to develop fully the abilities of
individuals, for their own benefit and of society as a whole. Compulsory
schooling takes place between the agers of 5 and 16, but some pupils
remain at shool for 2 years more, to prepare for further higher
education. Post shool education is organized flaxebly, to provide a wide
range of opportunities for academic and vacational education and to
continue studying through out life.
Administration of state schools is decentralised. The department of
education and science is responsible for national education policy, but
it doesn't run any schools, if doesn't employ teachers, or prescribe
corricular or textbooks. All shools are given a considerable amount of
freedom. According to the law only one subject is compulsary. That is
Children recieve preschool education under the age of 5 in nursery
schools or in infant's classes in primary schools.
Most pupils receive free education finenst from public fonds and the
small proportions attend schools wholy independent. Most independent
schools are single-sex, but the number of mixing schools is growing.
Education within the mantained schools system usually comprises two
stages: primary and secondary education. Primary schools are subdevided
into infant schools (ages 5 - 7), and junior schools (ages 7 - 11).
Infant schools are informal and children are encouraged to read, write
and make use of numbers and develop the creative abilities. Primary
children do all their work with the same class teacher exept for PT and
music. The work is beist upon the pupils interests as far as possible.
The junior stage extence over four years. Children have set pirits of
arithmetic, reading, composition, history, geography nature study and
others. At this stage of schooling pupils were often placed in A, B, C
and D streams according their abilities. The most able children were put
in the A stream, the list able in the D stream. Till reccantly most
junior shool children had to seat for the eleven-plus examination. It
usually consisted of an arithmetic paper and an entelligent test.
According to the results of the exam children are sent to Grammar,
Technical or Secondary modern schools. So called comprehansive schools
began to appear after World War 2. They are muchly mixed schools which
can provide education for over 1000 pupils. Ideally they provide all the
courses given in Grammar, Technical and Secondary modern schools.
By the law all children must receive full-time education between the
ages of 5 and 16. Formally each child can remain a school for a further
2 or 3 years and continue his studies in the sixth form up to the age of
18 or 19. The course is usually subdevided into the lower 6 and the
upper 6. The corricular is narrowed to 5 subjects of which a pupil can
choose 2 or 3.
The main examinations for secondary school pupils are general
certeficate of education (the GCE) exam and certificate of secondary
education (the CSE) exam. The GSE exam is held at two levels: ordinary
level (0 level) and advanced level (A level).
Candidats set for 0 level papers at 15 - 16 years away. GCE level is
usually taken at the end on the sixth form. The CSE level exam is taken
after 5 years of secondary education by the pupils who are of everage
abilities of their age.Нравится
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